Common error patterns
- Attending to shape of word
- Attending to only part of the word
- NAÏVE LEARNERS: Pre-correct by underlining part of word you predict will be an error
- NAÏVE LEARNERS: Focus & change only the error portion (“I heard something else”) - DON'T write a whole separate word beside the word that was misread
- Erase only part of word and write in what you heard
- Erase multiple times – go back & forth between the word written correctly & the word written incorrectly
- EXPERIENCED LEARNERS: Discrimination correction [see below]
- Rule of thumb: 5 correct practices for every error
With experienced learners, you do write the word "tray" beside the word "tree," and then have students go back and forth between the two, reading each correctly.
Unfortunately, I no longer recall the reason for this distinction between beginners and more advanced students. I think it had to do with making sure beginners focus on the exact part of the word they are misreading.
update 8/13/2012: Children with developmental disabilities who have been taught to read with sight words may not be able to learn well from either of these discrimination procedures.